Watercolor is a painting technique on paper or cardboard with colors diluted in water and applied with a brush. The colors used are more or less transparent depending on the amount of water with which it is mixed, and sometimes they reveal the background of the paper, which is usually white and acts as a true tone. The product used to paint is made up of pigments bound with gum arabic or honey. Watercolor is used by painting in transparent layers, in order to achieve maximum brilliance and ease in the composition that is made.
We can say that watercolor is linked to the invention of paper as we understand it today, although in China it was already painted with water colors on fine silk many centuries before, and the Egyptians also used it on papyrus rolls.
The main characteristics of watercolor are its transparency and luminosity. It is the wet technique that imposes more difficulties on the paper. Therefore, the choice of support is delicate and essential. It is essential to choose a paper that can absorb a lot of water without sagging or bleeding. The watercolor paper is glued perfectly to prevent the pigments from penetrating the core of the paper and also to accept the overlapping of gouache and repeated corrections. Even after regrets, it must allow an excellent restitution of brightness and transparency of colors. Another feature is that there is no white in watercolor. The white in watercolor is the white of the sheet that remains virgin in reserved areas. Hence the importance of the color of the paper: it should not change or turn yellow over time. For this reason, the whiteness of watercolor papers must be natural, without optical brighteners, since these can turn the paper yellow over time.
One of our forerunners was Albrecht Dürer in the 16th century.
The Italian Renaissance masters like Raphael, Michelangelo, Da Vinci etc... only used it for their sketches.
In England, the mother of the current watercolor, it became a popular art in the 18th century and great masters such as the Sandby brothers, Turner, Mallord, or Constable among others emerged.
In our country, one of the greatest precursors was Fortuny, who was the promoter of the Center for Watercolorists, currently the Association of Watercolorists of Catalonia, one of the oldest art associations in Spain.
According to our knowledge, the oldest factory in Spain was the Casa Pescador, which was created in the Gracia neighborhood of Barcelona around 1930.
After the Civil War, other brands came out, such as Taker, Mir, Titan, but the most recognized for their quality were foreign firms such as Blockx, Schmincke Watercolor , Rembrandt Watercolors, Vallejo Watercolors, Cotman Watercolors, Van Gogh Watercolors, White Nights Watercolors , Golden... ., and the oldest of them, the winsor and Newton watercolors currently owned by the French company Colart, manufactured in Lemans (France), but which despite everything retains the same quality as always.
Most houses manufacture a second quality that is not so permanent but at much more affordable prices: Dalbe Bréhat, van Gogh, Academia, etc.
In the market there are so-called liquid watercolors, very vivid in color but not very permanent over time because they are made with anilines, which are not solid to light.
The main characteristic of watercolor is that it has been conceived to be worked with water and applied on a paper support.
The big difference between watercolor and gouache is that the former has the property that all its colors are transparent, while gouache is opaque.
Watercolor is available in pans (godets) or tubes.
Godets are a very nice solid watercolor paint to use, especially if you are painting outdoors.
A dozen colors would be enough to create a complete palette.
Tubes are preferred when preparing a large amount of paint mix.
In our physical and online stores you will find an extensive assortment of watercolor boxes.^