Engraving is an artistic discipline in which the artist uses different printing techniques that have in common the draw an image on a hard surface, called matrix, leaving an impression that after staying ink and shall be transferred by pressure to another surface such as paper or fabric, which allows for multiple copies of the stamp. Depending on the technique used, the matrix may be metal (traditionally copper or zinc), wood, linoleum, stone, on the surface of which is drawn with pointed, sharp instruments or chemical processes. Currently plates of different synthetic materials that can be burned in a traditional way with punches or by photographic, digital or laser procedures are also used. Techniques related to the production of multiple copies of the same image are usually classified according to the materials and methods used to achieve the image.


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